The pop up sprinkler is a system of irrigation that rises from the ground whenever the system is activated, and then retract back down when the system is turned off. Pop up sprinkler systems are ideal for many different types of gardens, and are used primarily for watering grass areas, but can also be used for watering flower beds and borders too. A massive benefit of choosing a pop up sprinkler system over a traditional lawn sprinkler set-up is the massive reduction in water use, as the pop up sprinklers, when installed correctly, deliver water precisely and efficiently throughout the garden, eliminating wastage.
Types of Pop-Up Sprinklers
Pop-up sprinklers come in various types, each designed to cater to different farming needs. Here are the common types.
- Spray Heads-These sprinklers release water in a fixed pattern, distributing it in a fan-like shape. They are ideal for smaller areas or lawns.
- Rotary Nozzles-These sprinklers rotate, distributing water in a circular or rectangular pattern. They are suitable for larger areas and can cover a wider range.
- Gear-Driven Sprinklers-These sprinklers use gears to rotate and distribute water in a consistent pattern. They are known for their durability and ability to handle uneven terrain.
- Impact Sprinklers-These sprinklers have a rotating arm that impacts a deflector, causing the water to spray in a circular pattern. They are commonly used in agricultural fields.
Components Needed to Install Pop-up Sprinklers
- Sprinkler heads-These are the parts of the system that release the water. Pop-up sprinklers have heads mounted on top of small tubes that rise from the ground when the system is activated. The heads are available in various designs, including rotary, impact, and spray types. You can choose based on the watering needs of the area being irrigated.
- Pipes and valves-The pipes and valves comprise the plumbing system that transports water from the main water supply to the sprinkler heads. In a pop-up sprinkler system, the pipes are usually buried underground. They are connected to the sprinkler heads through a series of valves.
- Control panel-The control panel is the central hub of the pop-up sprinkler system. It is usually located in a central location and is used to activate and deactivate the system and adjust the watering schedule and other system settings.
- Timer or irrigation controller– A timer or irrigation controller is an optional component that can be added to a pop-up sprinkler system to automate the watering process. These devices allow you to set a specific watering schedule so the system will turn on and off at predetermined times.
- Back flow preventer-A back flow preventer is a safety device installed in the plumbing system to prevent water from flowing back into the main water supply. This is particularly important in areas where the water supply may be contaminated or where the water pressure is very high.
- Drainage system- In some cases, a pop-up sprinkler system may also include a drainage system to prevent excess water from accumulating on the soil’s surface. This can help to prevent erosion and protect the plants from being over-watered.
How to Install Pop-Up Sprinklers
- Determine Water Source– Identify a reliable water source, such as a well or water supply line, and ensure sufficient water pressure for the sprinklers.
- Map the Area– Map out the area to be irrigated, considering factors like plant types, soil condition, and topography. This will help determine the sprinkler layout and positioning.
- Dig Trenches– Dig trenches to accommodate the supply lines, ensuring they are placed at the appropriate depth to avoid damage from foot traffic or equipment.
- Connect the Supply Lines– Connect the main supply line to the water source and lay the lateral supply lines in the trenches, ensuring proper alignment and connectivity.
- Install the Sprinklers– Attach the sprinkler heads to the supply lines, ensuring they are securely fitted. Adjust their height to the desired level, considering factors like plant height and water coverage.
- Test the System- Turn on the water supply and check for leaks, ensuring all sprinklers are working correctly and providing adequate coverage.
How Does Pop-up Sprinkler Work
The fundamental design of a pop up sprinkler is quite simple, and the way it works is, too. There is no magic or electricity, only good old fashioned mechanics. When water flows through the inlet of a sprinkler head, the pressure of the water pushes against the rising stem. When the water pressure exceeds the strength of the spring inside the sprinkler, the stem will rise and protrude from the main body. Water will then spray out of the nozzle and spread to the surrounding area, either in a single rotating stream, multiple rotating streams or arc of spray, depending on the sprinkler model and nozzle used. When the water supply is shut off, the pressure is lost, and the spring will retract the riser stem back down into the main sprinkler body.
Ways Pop-Up Sprinklers are Used
Pop-up sprinklers are utilized to irrigate large agricultural fields, ensuring uniform water distribution across crops and minimizing water runoff.
Orchard and Vineyard Irrigation
Pop-up sprinklers are effective in orchards and vineyards, where precise water application is essential for plant health and fruit production.
Pop-up sprinklers are commonly employed in landscaping projects, providing water to lawns, gardens, and decorative plantings.
Pop-up sprinklers are employed in greenhouses to maintain optimal moisture levels, promoting healthy plant growth and maximizing crop yields.
Why Should Farmers Use Sprinkler Irrigation
Pop-up sprinklers deliver water directly to the root zone, minimizing evaporation and runoff. This efficient water usage leads to significant water conservation and reduced water costs.
Uniform Water Distribution
The design of pop-up sprinklers ensures uniform water distribution across the irrigated area, preventing over- or under-irrigation and promoting healthy plant growth.
Time and Labor Savings
With automated timers and programmable features, pop-up sprinklers reduce the need for manual labor and supervision. Farmers can save time and focus on other essential farm tasks.
Flexibility and Customization
Pop-up sprinklers offer flexibility in terms of water coverage, spray pattern, and arc adjustment. This allows farmers to customize the irrigation system according to their specific crop requirements.
Improved Crop Yield
By providing consistent and optimal moisture levels, pop-up sprinklers contribute to improved crop yield, quality, and overall farm productivity.
Pop-up sprinklers have emerged as an important aspect in modern farming.Their ability to conserve water, ensure uniform water distribution, and offer customization options make them a valuable asset for farmers. Pop-up sprinklers, when combined with smart irrigation practices, can lead to significant water savings, making it an eco-friendly choice for farmers.
Mazero Agrifood supplies high quality pop-up sprinklers that are durable and also cost effective. We also have a team of professionals that works closely with farmers to design and implement personalized irrigation solutions. Whether it’s a small-scale garden or a large agricultural field, Mazero tailors the irrigation system to optimize water usage and enhance crop productivity.